Crime In the United States. Introduction: Our report is on Crime in the United States. Crime is a major problem all over the world, but we are focusing on the crime problem right here in our own country. Essay Crime And Its Effects On The United States In comparing Europe with the United States, there is a clear divide in how penalties for crime are handled. In Europe, where sentences are less harsh, more efforts are placed into integrating reformed criminals back into society. Excerpt from Essay: Sociology of Crime Sociologists claim that crime is a social construction The term "crime" refers to various forms of misconduct that are forbidden by the law (Eglin & Hester, ). Some of the data sources include journals, research papers, and books that highlight the causes of crime in the United States of America. Census reports from the government will also be used to highlight the population composition of crime prone areas. The rise of organized crime In The United States By Jeremy King Welcome to the s a truly new era. Automobiles were becoming affordable to the average American the Great War had ended and the nation was heading into a time of prosperity and temperance.
There are different justifications as to shy sociologists classify crimes as a social construction. All social problems are the product of social construction; defining, naming and labeling them into place through which people can make sense of them.
It is evident that crime is formed socially. The constructionist angle draws on a varying sociological inheritance, one that looks at the society as a matrix of meaning. It gives a primary role to the procedures of constructing, generating and spreading meanings.
Under this perspective, it is impossible to understand reality in a direct and unmediated manner. People will often mediate reality by meaning. Proponents of this school of thought believe that what people experience is the "social construction of reality. Such concern as portrayed in periodic moral panics ensures that most of those engaged in criminal violence and theft do so in a manner of secondary deviation.
Therefore, most of them develop a criminal identity. The media has become the strongest institution that generates a great effect on the social construction of crime.
The importance of media in framing how people understand social issues is widely understandable. Research affirms that crime stories are among the most headlines catching of news items. It is suggested that there is a strong link between the pictures of criminality reflected in the news media and the interpretation of these news articles. The "Black Crime" is a perfect example of how crime has been socially constructed. In the early 70s, the media constantly projected an image of Britain as a white society.
Criminality and crime became the central motifs that constructed black people, signifying that they were not British. Crime as a social problem vs. Crime prevention and reduction has been and will remain to be a top concern of the executive, legislative and judicial branches in the U. There are various ways of measuring the issue of crime; this has led to arguments over what is the most appropriate pointer to understand the severity of crimes.
No world society is without crimes. Today's crimes are associated with the serious problems.
Perspectives of Crime in the US Essay
Among them is that is many scenarios, the criminals are economically, politically, and socially powerful in that they decide the course of punishment for others whereas they escape completely. In this manner, it is argued that it is the primary cause of most crimes. Regardless of the fact that poverty is a relative term, in every form, it results in the adoption of underhand, illegal means and corruption.
Poverty leads to acts of suicide, bribery, and prostitution among others.
Crime In The United States
Indirectly or directly, poverty is accountable for all manner of crimes in the society. From a sociological perspective, people are responsible for their actions and will be held accountable for what they do.
However, these actions do not arise from a social vacuum. They must be interpreted in the social setting. In the society, in criminal law and everyday life, the context of crime rests on the idea of attributing personal liability for the social transgressions. Therefore, the cultural, social and political context in which the problem happens will tend to disappear into the background. A pluralist model of law making vs.
The institutions such as trade unions, professional associations, civil rights activists, environmentalists, coalitions if like-minded citizens and business lobbies influence the making and administering of policy and laws.
Because the participants in this model comprise mainly a tiny percentage of the population, the public acts as the bystanders. In fact, the pluralists contend that direct democracy is not only unworkable, but it is also even undesirable. In addition to the logistical issues related to having all citizens meet at one point to decide laws, legal issues need expert and continuous attention that the average citizens do not have.
Pluralists suggest that in the current society, politics is a sideshow in the great life circus. Most people focus their energies and time on activities that involve family, work, friendship, recreation, health and the like. They go further, worrying that the common citizen lacks the virtues of intelligence, patience for self-governance, reason and that direct democracy results in anarchy and loss of freedom. Over four decades, studies constantly reveal that Canadians have reduced confidence in the effectiveness or fairness of the criminal justice system and criminal law in general.
This confidence crisis seems acute among racial minorities. Both the racial breach and the lack of confidence in perceptions of the Canadian law and legal actions have persisted for almost four decades. This is regardless of whether crime rate is falling or rising. However, others might ask why the criminal law matters when it is affecting very few people.
In fact, most individuals have minimal contact with the criminal justice system. Further, among those with contact, at least half of them have been involved in traffic stops. Very few people are victims of crime and pursue redress or police protection from the courts. Even if Canadians believe that the criminal law and its institutions are functioning poorly, casual observers are likely to dismiss these adverse opinions by referring to Canada's orderly society whose crime rates are much lower than those in industrialized nations are.
However, it is useful to listen carefully to the constant popular disquiet regarding the criminal justice system. In the era of high crimes, public concerns are directly associated with crime. It seems these concerns persist even in low crime eras. In most cases, public dissatisfaction is becoming wider in scope and broadly shared. They are chronically dissatisfied with the capacity of legal bodies to extract retribution from criminals and condemning crimes using the strongest terms possible.
To make matters worse, many are concerned about racial discrimination in the administration of criminal justice. Such frustration with the criminal justice system is becoming a constant force, undermining and churning confidence of legal bodies. This has destabilized political equanimity in a manner that maintains crime politically in play, whether in low or high crime eras.
This disquiet is threatening to erode the public perception that the Canadian legal institutions and criminal law are legitimate; raising the prospect of disengaging the public from vital collaborations needed to the co-production of security. For the instrumentalists, tycoons have invested in the penitentiary sector, as they have discovered a pot of gold.
They no more worry about vacations, paying unemployment insurance and strikes. They have full-time workers, who never arrive late or are absent due to family issues.
Besides, in case they do not want the remuneration of 25 cents per hour and decline to work, they are sent to isolation in prison. From instrumentalists' perspective, no other society in the history of humankind has imprisoned many of its citizens like the U. The statistics indicate that the nation had locked up more individuals than any other nation; a half a million contrasted with China which has the greatest population.
In the 70s, the jail population was estimated at , As per the year , the population had grown to 2 million. Ten years ago, the country had only ten private prisons with a populace of only inmates.