Comparison Table between Christianity, Islam and Judaism, ) Islam: An Overview Islam is a monotheistic religion that originated from the teachings of Muhammad. The word Islam means totally surrendering oneself to Allah (God). Compare and contrast spread of islam and spread of christianity Essay Spread of Islam vs. Spread of Christianity CE to CE—a time in which Islam’s golden age took place and, from a Eurocentric point of view, a time of Christian expansion and conversion—was . Christianity and Islam: A Comparison and Contrast of Two Western Religions Maria Christina Brewer World Religion Dr. Mark Banas This is a comparison of two Western Religions that have many cultural similarities yet vary immensely. Compare and Contrast: Christianity and Islam Essay Sample. Although Christianity and Islam have been and are dominating the scene it is necessary to place both in their proper perspective taking into account human history of faith in the supernatural or something beyond our five senses. Compare and Contrast Essay: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism Words | 3 Pages Although Christianity, Islam and Judaism are all religions that grew from the same central idea of one divine god named Abraham in the general time zone of BC, and in the holy city of Jerusalem, they are all very different from each other.
- Compare and Contrast Islam and Christianity
- Compare and Contrast: Christianity and Islam Essay Sample
- Islam, Christianity, Judaism: Compared Essay
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Get Access Compare and Contrast: Christianity and Islam Essay Sample Although Christianity and Islam have been and are dominating the scene it is necessary to place both in their proper perspective taking into account human history of faith in the supernatural or something beyond our five senses. It is the same of the caveman as of the politicians and financiers strutting around Wall Street and Washington.
This ism can be anything from belief in money-power to mass-power or god-power. Then is another side to our psychology. We try to foist our beliefs on others. It is in our very psyche. For the purpose of understanding two interviews were carried out. The first person interviewed is Albert Lamb and the second person is Azad Rauf. Albert Lamb, an ardent Christain interviewed over telephone noted, Historian Arnold Toynbee has commented that it is not so much the imposition of territorial rule that has created trouble but the imposition of cultural values that has led to friction.
Napoleon understood the game very well and his strategy was to send the priests before the soldiers so that the mind-set was created for the overall rule and exploitation.
Today also the various missionaries make use of high sounding spiritual talk and poverty of the masses to create the perfect environment and build the foundation for economic-political conquest.
Compare and Contrast Islam and Christianity
Ideas of the afterlife in Christianity and Islam Although Christianity and Islam are in loggerheads even today the two religions have sprouted from the same roots and in this respect shares it with Judaism. The three come under the umbrella of Semitic religion. The Old Testament is common to all three but the trouble starts with the interpretation and the figure of the savior. While Islam accepts Jesus as one of the many saviors he is not the final one — it being Muhammad.
Christianity refers to the Holy Trinity but Islam contends there cannot be three but there is only one God. True to human nature there are sects and sub-sects with one clawing the other within Christians and Moslems. Ideas about afterlife have always haunted man and as such Islam and Christianity are no exceptions.
The point of controversy is about resurrection. Will it be resurrection of the body? Both the Bible and the Koran affirm it. The idea of bodily resurrection caused confusion among multiple groups but more or less theologians have accepted the doctrine that the bodies will see resurrection.
The Muslims believe in the single resurrection of all the souls. As for those who have faith and do righteous deeds, they shall be in a garden, rejoicing. Some Christians like the Pre-millennialists believe in two resurrections.
The opinion is not based however on the Bible. Thus in general Christians do not believe in multiple resurrections but there will one day on which resurrection for all will take place. Both the Koran and the Bible contend that all believers will be lifted from the dead on a specified day at a specific hour and not many times in different millenniums. Thus in the Bible there is difference in groups but not in timing.
Azad Rauf, a practicing Imam interviewed through telephone believes that Islam too contributes to this opinion. Resurrection will not be confined to the distinguished only but would be for all humanity — good or bad. On that day however there will be separation when the righteous will be sifted from the wicked. The Bible emphasizes on this separation — some will be imperishable, others glorified, made powerful while selected ones will get a spiritual body —as stated in Corinthians The wicked too will be resurrected.
Compare and Contrast: Christianity and Islam Essay Sample
This faith is shared by Islam. The basic tenet is that man is immortal — this life is but a short span of existence as such. Some Christian schools say that the wicked will undergo eternal suffering.
But objections have been raised about eternal punishment for small sins. How can the just God mandate such a ruling? Muslims say that few will undergo this eternal suffering but ultimately move towards heaven or God.
Some Christians are of the view that the wicked ones will experience a second death — it means following resurrection these bad characters will die once more. They will become spirits without body burning in hell fire. The Bible is specifically silent on this issue. Thus both religions talk of reward and punishment for non-submission to God.
Islam, Christianity, Judaism: Compared Essay
Islamic understanding often says that those sent to hell are often the blessed ones because God in so doing God purifies them; in other words God does not ignore them but gives them special attention. But this is an interpretation by some — no Koranic verse asserts this in unequivocal terms. At the other end is an extreme theory that there is no escape from hell — it being a traditional theory.
Those in hell will become the fuel that ignites the fire. Christian theologians too are anti-universalists saying that some will be sent to eternal hell. Among Christians the annihilationist contends that the wicked will be completely destroyed Armstrong But the traditional view is that God is all love and cannot resort to such action. Broadly speaking the concept of hell, with modifications, is present among all the groups of Islamists and Christians.
The running thread of thought in both is that God epitomizes both love and justice. Resurrection manifests this justice side of God. The trouble starts with interpretations of goodness and badness. The essence of Christian thought is that there is an afterlife and its quality depends upon the life we lead here. Some contend that there is a purgatory stage between heaven and hell; Protestants do not contribute to this view. Catholics say that confessing to priests erases sins.
Islam contends that death is the final end of life in the body. It kicks off a period of pause till Allah performs the act of resurrection following a line of judgment. The good see heaven and the wicked see hell. Some Muslim schools say that non-believers too will be saved after going through purgatory. The nature of morality in Christianity and Islam Ethics are woven into the fabric of nearly all religions, except hedonistic ones like the Charbaks of Hindu thought based on divine guidance or revelations.
In other words it is religion that settles ethics and morality — lays down the yardstick. As such believers do not think much about morality but only follow the dictates of their religion. However broadly speaking, all religions refer to common human conduct like not being cannibals or not indulging in matricide or patricide.
The fundamental idea is to see that human society benefits and progresses. This was vital during the early days of Man because compared to other species Man was physically the most weak and needed to work as a society to overcome the challenges of Nature Armstrong Islamic codification of ethics is based on the interpretation that Man has the power to discern the will of God and follow it.
The faculty that is most vital is thinking about existence for it is this that leads to faith in God. Thus humans are morally responsible for submitting to the will of God and that means following the path of Islam that has been demonstrated in the Koran and the sayings of Mohammed.
The Koran says that the natural tendency of Man is to spotlight on material gain. It means seeing to basic needs for survival. This edges a person to try to become first among others; all this effort dries up the mood for reflection leading to a state of ignorance known as jahiliyya. Muslims are of the belief that similar to the other prophets of Islam, Muhammad was sent to remind Man of their real purpose in life — finding God by implementing these rules in society and challenging those that remove one from God.
The challenge was thrown at five features that dominated Arabian society in pre-Islamic days. The land was divided by various tribes knit together by blood; this was against the Islamic idea of being united by ummah or Islamic piety.
The tribes worshipped many gods but now Islam dictated that Allah had no equal; it made unification of tribes easier. The tribes boasted of manliness and prowess but Islam advocated piety and humility; it made domination of the tribes by the one powerful group easier. The focus moved away from fame in this life to the resurrection day judgment. Islam moved away from traditional ancestor worship to submission to one Allah.
Verily, God likes not each arrogant boaster. And be moderate or show no insolence in your walking and lower your voice. Some aspects of pre-Islamic ethics Mohammad retained — caring for relations and elders as well as widows, orphans and other needy persons.
This was necessary to establish justice. However all this took second seat to strict monotheism; this was the highest code of morality. Muslims should control all desires and passions, avoid vanity and worldly pleasures. From international relations to personal greetings — all aspects of life are covered by Islamic ethics. They should not only be virtuous but see that others follow it so that society as a whole is healthy.
God is omniscient, omnipotent and there is only one God.
The ten commandments of non-stealing, truthfulness, non-adultery, non-coveting etc are all common dictates. Punishment rules vary with Islam being stricter than the others. The moral laws are said to be divine.
Social activities are stressed upon to help those lagging behind in society. Jews, Christians and Moslems base their teachings on their respective books — the Tanakh, the Koran and the Bible. The highest moral code is to believe in the Lord and love Him. The greatest commandment is to love your neighbor as yourself.